The Adjective…  What It Is & How To Use It


Adjective - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!


An Adjective is a Word which modifies a Noun or a Pronoun, and often-times other Adjectives and Adverbs as-well.  It describes the nature and quality of those particular “things”.

The Adjective indicates to the reader or listener:  “how much“, “how many“, “what type“, “what size“, “what shape“, “what color“, and/or what it “looks“, “smells“, “sounds“, “feels“, and “tastes like“…  among other things like what it is “made of“.


The big brown bear was really really fuzzy and smelled horribly bad, but was a very nice fellow in-deed.”


Adjective - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!


All of the underlined Words above, are examples of Adjectives – and the Words in bold (in the example sentence) are the Words which they are modifying.


  • The“, “Big“, and “Brown” are all Adjectives which modify the Noun, “Bear
  • *Really“, *Really“, and “Fuzzy” are also Adjectives which modifying the Noun, “Bear
  • A“, “Very“, and “Nice” are Adjectives which modifying the Noun, “Fellow

(notice also that the Indefinite Article, “a” is also an Adjective.  This is because an Article [whether Definite or Indefinite] is a special form of an Adjective)


*(Despite the fact that the word, “really” is considered to be an Adverb [and often IS], in this sentence, it is describing a condition, not an action – an as-such, it is functioning as an Adjective.  Grammarians would probably sh!t themselves with disgust and amazement at my audacity to change a “rule of grammar”, but the so-called “rule” is “broken”, and this is something of-which I have deliberated over for many years now…  they only follow what they were taught in books and by their professors, not their own brains [usually].  Therefore…  Adjective…  Deal With It!)   


So, you can see now, that it is possible for there to be, many different Adjectives (and different types of Adjectives) with-in a single Sentence.  AND, that they can be placed both before and after the Words which they modify.


Types of Adjectives


There are many different types for Adjectives, but the two main categories with-in-which they are classified (according to certain grammatical terminology) are:  “Limiting” & “Descriptive

Frankly speaking”, I think that these are silly Terms, as BOTH are “descriptive”, and the Word, “Limiting” – according to the types of Adjectives it refers to – is a terribly inadequate Term.  This is because many of the Adjectives which “fall under” this category, actually have nothing to do with what the word, “limitation” is commonly comprehended as…  (and something of-which I do not tolerate…  “Limitation”, that is) 😉

A much more proper Term would be “Defining”.  This is because they describe: “How Much/Many”, “Which One” – Where-as the “Descriptive” Adjectives indicate the actual “Qualities” of the Words which they modify.


Defining Adjectives (formerly known as “Limiting) indicate the Quantity of the Adjective

Descriptive Adjectives indicate the Quality of the Adjective


Defining (Quantitative) & Descriptive (Qualitative) Adjectives


  • Defining (Quantitative) Adjectives indicate:  which one, or how many (of something)
  • Descriptive (Qualitative) Adjectives indicate the characteristics to what-ever they are naming or modifying

Examples


Defining


  • a – “A big deal.”
  • an – “An awesome lesson.”
  • the – “The coolest website.
  • some – “Some helpful information.
  • several – “Several hours of study.
  • any – “Any person can learn this.
  • all – “All the information is free!
  • these – “These are helpful examples.
  • those – “Those other websites are boring.
  • that – “That other guy is lame.
  • numerous – “Numerous examples.
  • one – “One really big donation
  • two – “Two more really big donations
  • three – “Three incredibly large deposits.

Descriptive


  • friendly – “A friendly teacher
  • sincere – “A sincere student
  • honest – “The honest truth
  • trustworthy – “Trustworthy information
  • red – “Red rubies
  • blue – “Blue sapphires
  • good – “Good grammar
  • bad – “Bad behavior
  • American – “American English
  • European – “European English
  • big – “A big deal
  • little – “A little more time
  • huge – “A huge amount of money
  • tiny – “A tiny amount of faith

For More Examples of Adjectives…  And “A Blast From The Past” for those of us who grew up on “Sesame Street” watch the video below…


(And Just So You Know…  Sesame Street Is For “Grown-Up Kids” Too)


Finally


There are literally thousands of Adjectives in The Common Tongue  of the English Language.  These are the Words of-which we can say that they, “color” the Language and give it “character” and “Life”…  They are the Words which make everything interesting.

The examples above are just a few samples of the various types of Adjectives.  Using a thesaurus is a great way to learn more Adjectives and also to learn exactly “which one” to use in any situation.  Many English text-books give lists of Adjectives which they state as meaning the same thing…  but they are wrong…  get a thesaurus, or find one on-line.  Learn to say EXACTLY what you mean…  not something “similar”.

Because the difference between an average speaker/writer and an Excellent one, it that the Excellent speaker/writer knows EXACTLY which Words that he or she uses, and does not use Words if he or she does not know their exact meaning, or can not define that specific Word.  So… be Excellent!


Be Excellent - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!


Have An Excellent Day!

😉

(the Word, “Excellent” is an Adjective which I have chosen specifically after extensive research on all of its so-called Synonyms.  I did this because it makes no sense to say, “have a ‘great’ day.”…  Instead, have an “Excellent” day!!!  –  To know why I have specifically chosen that Word…  Look it up!!!  –  And don’t forget to read ALL of the definitions, including its Root-word, “Excel”)

 

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The Teacher

The Man Known As "The Teacher" is the creator of - administrator for - and sole content contributor to - all that is GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!,  as well as a being a TEFL certified English teacher A Master of Ninja Invisibility and Jedi Mind Tricks, AND has a secret under-ground UFO bunker and Mad Scientist's Laboratory hidden deep in The Balkans where he currently resides with his beautiful wife and the formerly-homeless monkeys that have infested his apartment. He is also a Gemini and so is his evil twin ;)

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