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The Adjective

(What It Is  &  How To Use It)

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Adjective - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

An Adjective is a word which modifies a Noun or a Pronoun, and often-times other Adjectives and Adverbs — as well as some types of VerbsAdjectives describe the nature and quality of those particular “things”.
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The Adjective indicates to the reader or listener:  “how much” — “how many” — “what type” — “what size” — “what shape” — “what color” — and/or what it *looks” — *smells” — *sounds” — *feels” — and “tastes like“…  among other things like what it is “made of“.

 

* Though these words, by themselves, would qualify as Dynamic (or “Action”) Verbs — when used in this way — they are not describing any “Action”, but instead are describing a “State Of Being” — such as with the verb “To Be” (is, am, are, etc.).  This is what — in The Common Tongue — I refer to as an:  “Adjectival Verb.  Traditional grammarians and establishment “teachers” may disagree with me and say that there is no-such-thing as an “Adjectival Verb.  But they didn’t create The Common Tongue…  I did.  And now there IS such-a-thing as an “Adjectival Verb (which makes perfect logical sense.  It is a word which is technically classified as a Verb, but functions as an Adjective.)  😎

 


Example:


 

The big brown bear was really really fuzzy and smelled horribly bad, but was a very nice fellow, in-deed.”

 

Adjective - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

All of the underlined words above are examples of Adjectives — and the words in bold (in the example sentence) are the words which they are modifying  (the Nouns)

 

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  • *The“, “Big“, & “Brown” are all Adjectives which describe:  “Which One” — “What Size” — & “What Color” of the Noun:  “Bear”
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  • Fuzzy” is an Adjective which describes “The Texture” (“look” & “feel”) of the Noun:  “Bear” (specifically referring to its fur) — [using the word “look” & “feel” to refer to “texture” is very common, but it is technically incorrect]
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  • Horribly Bad” is an Adjectival-Phrase which describes the particular “Aroma” or “Scent” Of the “Bear”  (commonly but incorrectly referred to as the “smell” of the “Bear”)
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  • *A Very Nice” is a Phrasal-Adjective which describes the “Demeanor” of the “Bear” — which was referred to by the Noun:  “Fellow

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*Notice also that the Definite Article:  “The” — and the Indefinite Article:  “a” also function as Adjectives.  See: “Defining & Descriptive Adjectives Below.

 

So, you can see now, that it is possible for there to be, many different Adjectives (and different types of Adjectives) with-in a single Sentence — As-well-as Adjective-Phrases & Phrases that act AS an AdjectiveAND…  that they can be placed both Before & After the Words which they modify.

 

Types of Adjectives

 

There are many different types for Adjectives, but the two main categories in-which they are classified (according to certain Grammatical Terminology) are:  “Limiting” & “Descriptive“.
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Frankly speaking” — I think that both of these Terms are quite silly, because BOTH forms are “Descriptive”.  And the word, “Limiting” (according to the types of Adjectives it refers to) is a terribly inadequate Term.
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This is because many of the Adjectives which “fall under” this category actually have nothing to do with what the word “limitation” is commonly comprehended as meaning.

 

Besides…  “Limitation” Is No Fun, Right? 😎

 

A much more proper Term would be “Defining”.  This is because they describe: “How Much/Many”, or “Which One” — Where-as the “Descriptive” Adjectives indicate the actual “Qualities” of the words which they modify.

 

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Defining & Descriptive Adjectives


 

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  • Defining (Quantitative or Specific) Adjectives indicate:  “Which One”, or “How Much/Many” of some thing;  They express the thing’s “Quantity” or “Specificity”:  Five Monkeys”…  “That Monkey”
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  • Descriptive (Qualitative) Adjectives indicate the characteristics of what-ever they are naming or modifying;  They express it’s “Qualities”:  Bad Monkey”…  “Stinky Monkey”

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Examples


Defining


 

  • a – “A big deal.”
  • an – “An awesome lesson.”
  • the – “The coolest website.
  • some – “Some helpful information.
  • several – “Several hours of study.
  • any – “Any person can learn this.
  • all – “All the information is free!
  • these – “These are helpful examples.
  • those – “Those other websites are boring.
  • that – “That other guy is lame.
  • numerous – “Numerous examples.
  • one – “One really big donation
  • two – “Two more really big donations
  • three – “Three incredibly large deposits.

Descriptive


 

  • friendly – “A friendly teacher
  • sincere – “A sincere student
  • honest – “The honest truth
  • trustworthy – “Trustworthy information
  • red – “Red rubies
  • blue – “Blue sapphires
  • good – “Good grammar
  • bad – “Bad behavior
  • American – “American English
  • European – “European English
  • big – “A big deal
  • little – “A little more time
  • huge – “A huge amount of money
  • tiny – “A tiny amount of faith

 


 

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For An Example Of One Of My Favorite Descriptive AdjectivesAnd “A Blast From The Past” For Those Of Us Who Grew Up On “Sesame Street” — Watch The Video Below

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And Just So You Know…  Sesame Street Is For “Grown-Up Kids” Too…  (Well, at least is used to be.)

 

 


Finally


 

There are literally thousands of Adjectives in The Common Tongue  of The English Language.  These are the words which we sometimes metaphorically say, give “Color” to the Language;  give it “Character” & “Life”.  They are the words which make everything interesting.
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The examples above are just a few samples of the various types of Adjectives.  Using a thesaurus is a great way to learn more Adjectives and also to learn exactly “Which One” to use in any situation (as synonyms do NOT mean the same thing).  Many English text-books give lists of Adjectives which they state as meaning the same thing, but they are wrong.  Get a thesaurus or find one on-line.  Learn to say EXACTLY what you mean for every situation.  😎
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Because the difference between an “Average” Speaker/Writer and an “Excellent” One, is that:  the “Excellent” Speaker/Writer uses EXACTLY the words that he or she means (and does NOT use certain words if he or she does not know their exact meaning).  So don’t settle for being “Average”…  Be Excellent!

 

Be Excellent - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

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Have An Excellent Day!

😉

 

 


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