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The Word “General” – TOEFL Vocabulary

( It’s Transformation + Meanings & Usage )

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[joli-toc]

 

I think I get the "General" Idea...

I think I get the "General" Idea...
“I think I get the General Idea…” 😀

 

The word “General”, and it’s various transformations, all fall into at-least one of the different categories of TOEFL Vocabulary that you should know or learn before taking The TOEFL iBT Exam:
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The above terms are my own — created as a part of The TOEFL Excellence Training System — and are not related to anything that you will find in any text-books or “official” information about The TOEFL Exam…  (which is another example of why I created The TOEFL Excellence Training System!  Someone’s gotta to give you the information you need to succeed, right? ) 😎

 

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General — [Abstract Noun]…

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General - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

General - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!
Well, that’s pretty clear…

 

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“General” — (/dʒEHN-rəl/ – /ˈdʒɛn.ɹəl/)

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This word has more than one meaning.  One of them almost certainly will be used in the directions and questions of the exam — and ABSOLUTELY will be used in any text-book or training program for The TOEFL iBT Exam.
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1.  Of Only The Most Basic Aspects Of Something;  Ignoring Details

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“In The Reading Section of The TOEFL Exam — it is a good idea to, first, skim The Reading Passage for the General idea.  Then answer each question individually.”

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In The Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing Sections of The TOEFL Exam, you will be required to identify the general idea of what is written or spoken-about;  the overall general idea.

 

There is another definition which is similar to this first one, but it is NOT related to “the overall” idea.  Instead, it is referring to something very vague, but somehow related — usually due to being part of a much larger classification.
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2.  Including Or Involving Every Aspect, Part, Or Member Of A Given Or Implied Entity, Subject, Or “Thing”;  “Not Specific”

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It MAY be that in The Listening or Speaking Sections,  you will read about and/or listen to people speaking about the “general vicinity…” or the “general area…” of some place on campus.
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“The student resource center is in the general vicinity of the library.”

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It is also highly-likely that this word will be used in The Listening Section — in a question for-which you will have to identify the “general attitude” or “general opinion” of someone speaking about some topic.
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“What was the general opinion of the professor, towards the writings of Oscar Wilde?”

“What was the student’s general attitude about the change in the class schedule?”

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And…

 

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General — [Concrete Noun]…

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General - Robert E. Lee - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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“General” — (/dʒEHN-rəl/ – /ˈdʒɛn.ɹəl/)

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The other definition of this word (though not as common) may very-well be on the exam because in The Reading and Writing Sections of the exam, it is quite-likely that the passage will be about a historical person that fits this definition of the word.

 

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3.  (applied to a person) To Indicate Supreme Rank, In Civil Or Military Titles

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“It may be possible that, in The TOEFL Exam, you will read or listen to a lecture about a famous general of some country’s military.”

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Beyond the various meanings of the word “General” — which are all pronounced the same — this word can also be considered “Level-Checking Vocabulary because it is expected that you will absolutely know this word by the time you take The TOEFL Exam.

 

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Generalization — [Abstract Noun]…

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Generalization - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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“Generalization” — (/dʒehn-rəl-ai-ZAY-shihn/ – /dʒɛn.ɹəl.aiː.ˈzeiː.ʃə(ɪ)n/)

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The noun “Generalization”, may or may-not be on the exam, but it is definitely good to know as the meaning and usage is distinctly different than the word “General”.  Further-more, this word qualifies as Level-Checking Vocabulary as it will be expected that the test-taker will already know this word.

 

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The Result Of Putting Distinctly Different Things Into A Larger Group Based On Some Similar Quality Or Condition — (the subject of the action of “generalizing”)

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Generalize — [Verb]…

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(to) Generalize - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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(to) “Generalize” — (/dʒEHN-rəl-aiz/ – /ˈdʒɛn.ɹəl.aiːz/)

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As with the word “Generalization”, above, the word “Generalize” may or may-not be on the exam, but it is also good to know for the same reasons stated above about being Level-Checking Vocabulary.
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To Put Distinctly Different Things Into A Larger Group Or Categorization Based Upon Some Similar Quality Or Condition

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Both the noun “Generalization” and the verb (to) “Generalize”, may or may-not be on the exam, but they are definitely good to know as the meaning and usage is distinctly different than the word “General”.  Further-more, both words qualify as Level-Checking Vocabulary as the test-taker will be expected to know both words.

 

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Generally — [Adverb]…

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Generally Understood - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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“Generally” — (/dʒEHN-rə-lee/ – /ˈdʒɛn.ɹə.liː/)

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The adverb “Generally” has two common meanings and usages in the English language, and they are both quite different from each other.
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  • Widely — Popularly
  • To Do Something In A “General” Way;  Not Specifically

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“It should be generally (widely) understood that to attempt to take The TOEFL iBT Exam without first preparing for it is…  generally (specifically), not a very good good idea.”

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In the sentence above, the first use of the word, “generally” fits the first meaning/usage, and the *second use of the word, “generally” fits with the second meaning/usage.
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*(Generally, it is not a good idea to use the same word more than once in a sentence, when each usage of that word has a different meaning.  But it is not wrong…  especially when it get’s the point across.) 😉

 

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(to) Generate — [Verb]…

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Generate - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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“Generate” — (/dʒEH-n’r-ay[t]/ – /ˈdʒɛ.nɚ.e[t]/)

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To Create — To Produce — To Cause (something) To Come Into Being

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The word, “Generate” may or may-not be on the exam, but it will be expected that the test-taker will know the meaning of this word — Thus it is also Level-Checking Vocabulary.
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“To achieve the score that you need to get on The TOEFL iBT Exam, you should generate the motivation to study and practice the different question-types on a regular basis.

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Generation — [Abstract Noun & Concrete Noun]…

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Generation - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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“Generation” — (/dʒeh-n’r-AY-shihn/ – /dʒɛ.nɚ.ˈeiː.ʃə(ɪ)n/)

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A Rank In Genealogy Of A Family*

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*(What is meant by this definition is demonstrated in the picture above.  The picture shows three “generations” of the same family:  The Grandfather, The Father, and The Son.  That is what the definition is referring to as “rank in Genealogy”.)

 

Though this word probably will not be on the exam, it is good to know as it is so vastly different than the other forms of the words here.  Besides the fact that the word, “Generation” can be the abstract noun, relating to the subject of the verb, (to) “Generate” (above) — this word is usually used to refer to the “Generations” of a family.

 

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Generator — [Concrete Noun]…

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Generator - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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“Generator” — (/dʒEH-n’r-AY-d’r/ – /ˈdʒɛ.nɚ.e.ɾɚ/)

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A Machine Or Device Which Generates (Produces) Power/Energy/Etc..

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This word may or may-not be on the exam, but the makers of the exam like to have reading passages about such things, as it is a good way for them to freak out the test-taker by adding vocabulary that they think may be new to the person taking the exam.  But not to worry…  As I mentioned in another post about TOEFL Vocabulary, if they do such a thing, the answers to the vocabulary questions will be in the reading passage.

 

And Finally…

 

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Generous — [Adjective]…

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Generous - GiveMeSomeEnglish!!!

 

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“Generous” — (/dʒEH-n’r-ihs/ – /ˈdʒɛ.nɚ.ə(ɪ)s/)

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Giving More Than Is Expected Or Needed (especially when it is NOT expected at all)

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Though the chances of this word being on the exam are much-smaller, it fits into the category of Useful Adjectives.  And as I mentioned before — having more ways to express yourself in The Speaking And Writing Sections of The TOEFL Exam, will certainly help you.
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Therefore, this it is a beneficial word to know and assimilate into your own vocabulary so that you can better express in any English-speaking situation that you may find yourself in.
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“One person who has made a large impact on my life is my best friend Ben.  This is because — not only is he a great father, and a very smart person —  but he is also one of the most generous people that I have ever met.  For example…”

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(This last example sentence is one that was typical for what was formerly and mistakenly called “Speaking Question One” — but it is no-longer part of the current TOEFL Exam)

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So there you have it…  The word “General” and all of the various transformation from the same root.  I hope that this post has given you a “Generous” amount of “General” information that will (hopefully) last for “Generations” to come.
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And now I have to go take a nap so that I can “Generate” some energy to come up with some “General” ideas for the next post on how you can “Generally” kick ass on The TOEFL iBT Exam.

 

Sincerely,

 

DSC_0196

 

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General C. James “Cloud-Speaker” Cote’

😎
(TOEFL Master General for the TOEFL Excellence Training Corps — 4th Division, 20th Regiment)
[Q Battalion — Troop 17]

Reeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee!!!

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Have An Excellent Day!

😉

 

 

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[<em>The Teacher</em>]