“Base” – Word-Transformation TOEFL Vocabulary
The word, “Base”, and it’s various transformation is the first example of what I call, “Unique Word-Transformation” TOEFL Vocabulary. For more of a thorough description about that and the other classifications of TOEFL Vocabulary, you can read the blog post I wrote on that subject here.
“Base” – (/bays/ – /beiːs/) | [abstract & concrete noun]…
“The base of the pyramid at Giza is 230 meters.”
“Based” – (/bays-[t]/ – /beiːs.[t]/) | [adjective]…
- Being derived from.
- Having a base.
“The professor’s discussion is based on the on the topic of bird migration.”
“Basic” – (/BAY-sih-[k]/ – /ˈbeiː.sə(ɪ).[k]/) | [adjective]…
“To succeed on The TOEFL iBT Exam, one will need to have more than a basic understanding of English grammar.”
“Basically” – (/BAY-sihk-lee/ – /ˈbeiː.sə(ɪ)k.liː/) | [adverb]…
“What the professor is basically speaking about is…”
“Basis” – (/BAY-sih-s/ – /ˈbeiː.sə(ɪ).s/) | [abstract noun]
“The basis for the discussion today, is on the statistical proof that ‘Affirmative Action’ is far-more prejudice than the so-called ‘systems of oppression’ that it was set up to replace.”
“The groups which refer to themselves as ‘Social Justice Warriors’ have shown, on a continuing basis, to be either complete liars or to be sorely mis-informed.”
As you can see the different forms of these words, all have a common element, and that is the “foundation”, “starting point”, or “elementary” principle. However, the way that they can be used in sentences varies a bit from one word form to the next.
And though the root form “Base” may or may not show up on the exam, the other forms could very-well be in and of the Reading Passages or Listening Section recordings, or can be used in the reading or listening portions of any of the Speaking or Writing Sections of the exam – and most certainly can be used in one’s answers in the Speaking or Writing Sections of The TOEFL iBT Exam.
Therefore, I highly suggest clicking on the words above to find out their proper pronunciation and to follow the links to there pages on Wiktionary.org to explore some of the other definitions as well.
… And I’ll “see” you all again soon.
Remember: If there are any words or phrases in this post that you do not know – look them up. Though you do not need to waste time memorizing lists of vocabulary before taking The TOEFL Exam, it is always a good idea to look-up words that you do not know. Even if you think you know them, you may be surprised, so if you see a word that you may “know” but can’t actually define or explain… look it up. I suggest Wikitionary.com
And if you have any questions, feel free to ask any time.
Have An Excellent Day!